The history of Ranganathaswamy Temple is that Srirangam is popular for the eight shrines (Swayam Vyakta Kshetras) ofthat it contains. It is also the first of the 108 main Vishnu temples ( ). This temple is also popular as Thiruvaranga Tirupati, Periyakoil, Bhoologa Vaikundam, Bhogamandabam.
In the epic of Silapadikaram composed during the Sangam era, this temple has found its place in the pages. The archaeological inscriptions on the temple are available from the 10th century AD. The inscriptions in the temple belong to the Chola, Pandya, Hoysala and Vijayanagar dynasties who had swayed the destinies of the Tiruchirapalli district.
The temple of Sri Ranganathaswami also bespeaks of a historic past of great kingdom and a civilization thousands of years old. The reign of the Pallavas was a creation of solid religious foundation. The role played by the dynasty appears to have contributed largely to the growth of Aryan institutions in Southern India more particularly in the Carnatic region. Dynasties that ruled the South—Cholas, Pandiyas, Hoysalas, Nayaks, assisted with the renovation and preservation of the traditional customs. Even during times of internal conflicts amongst these dynasties, they gave notable importance to the safety and maintenance of these temples.