The meaning of Rudra is Shiva or we can say it is another name of Lord Shiv and the puja we perform for this avtar with all faith and ritual is called Rudrabhishek Puja. This puja is very old and it is also followed by all Hindus worldwide. It is believed that it helps in attaining inner peace and fulfillment. Two kinds of energies exist in our world i,e positive and negative. The Rudrabhishek Puja helps in transforming these negative energies into positive ones. Apart from this, there are lot of importance and Significance of this like remover of all evils, increase positive energies, which exist in the form of good health, happiness, love, joy and prosperity. Basically we do this puja for success in education, job and career along with harmonious relationships. It also helps in getting rid from financial troubles, removes doshas and brings peace and harmony in our abodes. Part from all these things after doing this puja God showers their blessing on us with a healthy mind and positive spirit.
According to our mythology, this ancient puja is being done since the Treta Yug. This Yug belonged to Lord Rama who was the seventh avatar of Lord Vishnu. Lord Rama was known to be a Bhakt i.e. devotee of Lord Shiva. For this Rama did a Sthapna of a Shiv Lingam as an expression of his devotion. Since then people offer flowers, milk, belpatra etc. to the Shiv Linga as a method of doing the Rudrabhishek Puja.
There is no any special occasion for this but it can be done whenever any person faces any sort of difficulty in life or issues of bad health, it helps to fulfill all wishes and the Yagya/Hom burns within itself all the negativities and difficulties of life. Not only this, it is also said to be a destroyer of all evil forces, harmful elements and probable dangers. The Rudrabhishek Puja Vidhi comprises of doing the Abhishek of the Shiv Linga using eleven ingredients, which includes fresh cow milk (unboiled), water, Gangajal, coconut water and Panchamrit. While doing this puja the devotee chant the 108 names of Lord Shiva. Apart from these, there are so many things, which can be done by trend pandits. The main mantra that people chant during a Rudrabhishek Puja is:
|| Om Vamdevaya Namaha, Jyeshthaaya Namaha, Shreshthay Namaha , Rudraay Namaha , Kaalay Namaha ,Kala Vikarannaay Namaha, Bal Vikaranaay Namaha, Balaay Namaha Bala Pramathanaay Namaha, Sarva Bhoot Damanaay Namaha, Manomanaay Namaha|| and
|| Karpur Gaurm, Karunavataram, Sansaar Saaram, Bhujagendrahaaram, Sada Vasantam, Hridaya Aravinde, Bhavam Bhavani Sahitam Namaami ||